Scottish Antiques and Collectables.

These are attractive antique Scottish pottery items. A little trio set – consisting of a cup, saucer, and side plate. They are all made by Mak Merry.   

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OOR WULLIE. Cell Phone.

Wullie has taken Ma’s phone and is up to no good. As usual.

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The Broons. Hospital.

Pa Broon is in Hospital and doesnt understand the etiquette.

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Pubs in Scotland. Captains Bar.

Captain’s Bar is a wee traditional bar near old College and Royal Mile in Edinburgh city centre. A limited amount of seating so you may have to stand at the bar. In summer months there is outside seating. A choice of draught beers and spirits and Scottish malt whisky. Wander in and there may be someone singing a Scottish song or friends playing guitar. Please note we are open till 0100

Captains Bar
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Worldwide Murder Mysteries. Botanist.

Canadian botanist Charles Budd Robinson was born in Nova Scotia in 1871. After holding a few positions both in his native country and in New York, Robinson took a post in Manila. He enjoyed traveling to exotic locations in search of new species of plants, and the numerous islands of Southeast Asia made it easy for him to indulge his passion.

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In December 1913, Robinson left on a botanical expedition of Ambon in the Maluku Islands of Indonesia. He was never heard from again. While his ultimate fate remains a mystery, we have an idea of what likely befell him due to a report by Mr. van Dissel, Assistant Resident of Ambon.

He tried to piece together Robinson’s last days by relying mostly on oral accounts. According to van Dissel, the botanist traveled to a remote part of the island where a group of natives mistook him for a headhunter and killed him.[3]

One popular but unsubstantiated legend that arose following Robinson’s death said that he died due to a simple lexicological confusion. Seeing a young boy in a coconut tree, the doctor asked the boy to cut him down a fruit. However, with his poor understanding of the Malay language, Robinson accidentally used the word kepala (“head”) instead of kelapa (“coconut”), which is why the locals thought he was a headhunter.

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Scottish Tartans. House of Stewart.

Another “royal” tartan of the House of Stuart/Stewart. It was referred to by George V as “my personal tartan”, though it appeared in the Vestiarium Scoticum at least 23 years before his birth. While the work’s historical claims have been shown to be spurious, it described the design as the “clanne Stewart tartan”, and the work was popular, so the tartan would have been familiar before George’s birth in 1865. It is worn officially today by the regimental pipers of the Scots Guards, and remains in common civilian use as a Stewart/Stuart clan tartan.

Ye Principal Clovris Of Ye Clanne Stewart Tartan Vestiarium Scoticum
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Kings-Queens of Scotland. Yolande.

Yolande de Dreux lived from 1263 to 2 August 1330. She was briefly the second wife of King Alexander III of Scotland and served as Queen Consort of Scotland until Alexander’s death on 19 March 1286. The wider picture in Scotland at the time is set out in our Historical Timeline.

Yolande de Dreux was the daughter of Robert IV, Count of Dreux, and Beatrice, Countess of Montfort. She was born at the family seat at the Chateau of Dreux, close to the border between Normandy and the Ile-de-France. This made her a member of the Capetian dynasty, the largest and oldest of the royal houses in Europe.

Alexander III of Scotland’s first wife was Princess Margaret, daughter of Henry III of England. She had died in 1274 and their two sons had both died by early 1283. Alexander wanted a male heir, so he began a search for a suitable wife. On 14 October 1285 the 44 year old Alexander married 22 year old Yolande, by now Comtesse de Montfort, in a ceremony at Jedburgh Abbey.

Five months later, tragedy struck. On 19 March 1286, King Alexander III was returning on horseback to be with Yolande at Kinghorn Castle after meeting his Council in Edinburgh. It was after dark and the weather was very bad when he came along the cliff road above Pettycur, having ignored advice to travel the following morning. It is believed Alexander’s horse stumbled, and pitched him to his death over the cliffs.

Yolandededreux 450

Alexander’s death brought to an end a golden age in Scottish History and resulted in a crisis of succession that led directly to the Wars of Independence with England. But for his decision to take that path that night, none of us would ever have heard of William Wallace, Robert the Bruce or Bannockburn: and today’s Scotland could be an utterly different place. Even after Alexander’s death it could have all turned out so differently as it became clear that young Queen Yolande was pregnant. In the event her child was stillborn or miscarried.

In 1292 Yolande de Dreux remarried, this time to Arthur II, Duke of Brittany. They had six children together over the following decade. Arthur died in 1312, while Yolande lived until 1330.

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Scottish Architecture. Chambered Cairn

Unstan (or Onstan, or Onston) is a Neolithic chambered cairn located about 2 mi (3 km) north-east of Stromness on Mainland, OrkneyScotland. The tomb was built on a promontory that extends into the Loch of Stenness near the settlement of Howe. Unstan is notable as an atypical hybrid of the two main types of chambered cairn found in Orkney, and as the location of the first discovery of a type of pottery that now bears the name of the tomb. The site is in the care of Historic Environment Scotland as a scheduled monument.

Unstan Chambered Cairn Entrance By Bruce Mcadam


The tomb is a particularly well preserved, and somewhat unusual, example of an Orkney–Cromarty chambered cairn. Tombs of this type are often referred to as “stalled” cairns due to their distinctive internal structure. Stalled cairns have a central passageway flanked by a series of paired transverse stones that separate the side spaces into compartments that reminded early investigators of horse stalls. The earliest versions of this tomb type are found in Caithness, they typically consist of no more than four stalled compartments. In Orkney, the tombs became increasingly elaborate; the number of compartments reached a maximum of fourteen at the Knowe of Ramsay on Rousay. Unstan is a more modest example of the form with five chambers flanking a passageway 6.4 m (21 ft) in length. Like most tombs in Orkney, the original roof is gone, replaced by a modern concrete dome that protects the site. The remaining walls rise to a height of almost 2 m (6.6 ft), and consist primarily of thin stacked slabs of local flagstone that come from the Devonian Old Red Sandstone.

Unstan is an atypical example of the Orkney–Cromarty chambered cairn in several respects. First, the barrow, or burial mound, that covered the tomb is circular, 13 m (43 ft) in diameter rather than the usual oblong or rectangular form. Second, the barrow is round because the tomb contains a side chamber, a feature more common in the Maeshowe-type tombs. Third, the main chamber does not open at the end of the passageway, like typical stalled tombs, but along one long side. Again, this is more characteristic of the Maeshowe tombs. The barrow is made of two or three concentric rows of stonework.

Evidence from nearby tombs suggests that they, and Unstan, were built sometime between 3400 and 2800 BC.

Unstan is also notable in that the first discovery of a distinctive style of pottery was made here in 1884. These pots are the type examples of what has come to be known as Unstan ware. Unstan ware typically consists of elegant shallow bowls with a band of grooved patterning below the rim, created using a technique known as “stab-and-drag”. A second version consists of undecorated, round-bottomed bowls. Some of the bowls had bits of volcanic rock included in the clay to make them stronger. After firing, bone tools were used to burnish the surfaces to make them shiny and impermeable. Parts of twenty to thirty bowls were found in the tomb, many of them were Unstan ware. Most of the bowls were shattered or incomplete; this is common in chambered cairns and suggests that the vessels were intentionally broken for inclusion with the dead. These bowls were not newly created for use in the tomb – they had clearly seen prior use – as some of the sherds, for example, had impressions of barley grains. A number of fragments were found in a shallow hollow in the clay floor – a pattern seen in other tombs. Several of the reconstructed vessels are in the National Museum of Scotland.

Human remains were found in Unstan – there were two crouched skeletons in the side cell, several more in the main compartment, and a number of bones were scattered throughout the rest of the tomb. Animal bones and charcoal were found as well.

It is possible that Unstan was in use well into the second millennium BC; an arrowhead was discovered in the tomb that is characteristic of the Beaker People who lived from the Late Neolithic into the Bronze Age. Moreover, burials in the crouched position were not practiced in the Neolithic.

The current concrete dome dates to the 1930s.

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Scottish Nobility. Alan of Galloway.

Alan of Galloway lived from about 1175 to 1234. Also known as Alan FitzRoland he was the last of the semi-independent MacFergus dynasty of Lords of Galloway and served as hereditary Constable of Scotland. He was also the grandfather of King John Balliol of Scotland. The wider picture in Scotland at the time is set out in our Historical Timeline.

Alan of Galloway was the son of Roland (or Lochlann), Lord of Galloway and Helen de Morville and was born in about 1175. Alan inherited the position of Constable of Scotland and the Lordship of Galloway from his father, and the de Morville Lordships of Lauderdale and Melrose from his mother.

At this time Galloway was a semi-independent state and the Lords of Galloway had traditionally maintained cautious relations with both Scotland and England, accepting the authority of one or other when circumstances dictated, and acting as a sovereign monarch of Galloway when they could get away with it.

In 1212 Alan of Galloway led a large fleet carrying an army of 1,000 men south in support of King John of England’s campaign against the Welsh. He also supplied ships and men to support King John’s campaigns in Ireland and France. In 1215, Alan was among the 16 nobles trusted by King John to advise him about his response to the Magna Carta. Nearer home, Alan invaded the Isle of Man in 1229 following the overthrow and murder of Reginald, Prince of Man by his brother Olaf the Black or Olaf Godredsson. Alan forced Olaf to retreat to Norway, though the latter returned at the head of an overwhelmingly strong Norse fleet in 1230 and regained control of the Isle of Man.

Alanofgalloway 450

Alan of Galloway died in 1234 and is buried at Dundrennan Abbey. He married three or four times. His only legitimate son, Thomas, predeceased him, and after Alan’s death his estates and considerable wealth were divided between his three surviving daughters. There was a popular uprising in Galloway intended to make an illegitimate son of Alan’s, another Thomas, Lord of Galloway. This failed, and Galloway’s era as a semi-independent kingdom came to an end. The best known of Alan’s offspring was Devorgilla, Lady of Galloway, who he had with his second wife, Margaret of Huntingdon, the great-granddaughter of King David I. Devorgilla married John, 5th Baron de Balliol, in 1233 and their son, John Balliol, went on to become King of Scotland in 1292.

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Public Poetry. Anna Akhmatova.

I Wrung My Hands by Anna Akhmatova

I wrung my hands under my dark veil. . .
“Why are you pale, what makes you reckless?”
— Because I have made my loved one drunk
with an astringent sadness.

I’ll never forget. He went out, reeling;
his mouth was twisted, desolate. . .
I ran downstairs, not touching the banisters,
and followed him as far as the gate.

And shouted, choking: “I meant it all
in fun. Don’t leave me, or I’ll die of pain.”
He smiled at me — oh so calmly, terribly —
and said: “Why don’t you get out of the rain?”

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My poetry. Peace.

In realms where silence whispers sweet,
A tranquil haven, a serene retreat.
Amidst the chaos, a gentle release,
I paint the verses of a tranquil peace.

Beneath the canvas of a calming sky,
Where hues of serenity gracefully lie.
Soft whispers of the zephyrs' dance,
Caressing the soul in a tranquil trance.

Mountains stand as sentinels tall,
Guardians of peace, in their silent sprawl.
Rippling waters, a soothing stream,
Reflecting the essence of a tranquil dream.

In meadows where wildflowers bloom,
Harmony blossoms, dispelling gloom.
A symphony of nature, a tranquil song,
In which every being can truly belong.

The moonlight weaves a tranquil spell,
Casting shadows that in peace dwell.
Stars above, like candles in the night,
Illuminate paths to peace, so bright.

Let hearts embrace, forgiveness sow,
In the tranquil gardens of kindness, we grow.
Away from the tempest, towards the calm,
Where understanding is a healing balm.

Hand in hand, let unity rise,
A tapestry of peace before our eyes.
Beyond the borders, let love increase,
A world adorned in the garments of peace.

So let this poem be a humble plea,
For a world enwrapped in tranquility.
May the echoes of peace forever increase,
And humanity find in its heart, eternal peace.

This World is full of Hate, we need peace before there is nothing or no one left!
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Infamous Scots. Minnie Dean.

Williamina Dean (2 September 1844 – 12 August 1895) was a New Zealander who was found guilty of infanticide and hanged. She was the only woman to be executed in New Zealand. Several other women were sentenced to death, but all of them had their sentences commuted to either life or long duration imprisonment.

Early life

Minnie McCulloch was born in Greenock, in western central Scotland. Her father, John McCulloch, was a railway engineer. Her mother, Elizabeth Swan, died of cancer in 1857. It is unknown when she arrived in New Zealand, but by the early 1860s, she was living in Invercargill with two young children. She claimed she was the widow of a Tasmanian doctor, although no evidence of a marriage has been found. She was still using her birth name, McCulloch.

In 1872, she married an innkeeper named Charles Dean. The two lived in Etal Creek, between Ohai and Lumsden, then an important stop on the route from Riverton to the Otago goldfields. When the gold rush died down, the couple turned to farming, but were soon in dire financial straits. The family moved to Winton, where Charles Dean took up pig farming while Minnie began to earn money by baby-farming: taking in unwanted children in exchange for payment. In an era when there were few methods of contraception, and when childbirth outside marriage was frowned upon, there were many women wishing to discreetly send their children away for adoption, so Minnie Dean did not lack customers. It is believed that she was responsible for as many as nine young children at any one time. She received payment either weekly or in a lump sum.

Minnie Dean 1872

Infant mortality was a significant problem in New Zealand at this time (as it was estimated to run to about 80 to 100 infants out of 1000 colonial births). As such, a number of children under Dean’s care died of various illnesses. In March 1889, a six-month-old child had died of convulsions; in October 1891, a six-week-old baby had perished from cardiovascular and respiratory ailments; and a boy allegedly drowned under her care in 1894 and she hid the body in her garden, arousing further suspicions. A coroner‘s inquest was held, and Dean was not held responsible for the deaths, due to universally-poor hygiene standards, even at childbirth itself. Nevertheless, the community came to mistrust Dean, and rumours of mistreatment circulated. Additionally, children under Dean’s care allegedly went missing without explanation. In the public’s mind, this linked Dean to cases of infanticide or baby farming in the United Kingdom and Australia, where women killed children under their care to avoid having to support them. At the time, lax childcare legislation meant that Dean did not have to keep records of the children she agreed to take in, so proving that the children had disappeared was difficult.

Before Dean’s trial and execution, four other women had been tried and sentenced to death–Caroline Whitting (found guilty in 1872), Phoebe Veitch (1883), and Sarah-Jane and Anna Flannagan (1891). In each case, these sentences were commuted to life imprisonment; in each case, child murder was the culpable offence. 30 years later, in 1926, Daniel Cooper was also convicted of baby farming and executed for the offence, although his second wife Martha was acquitted. In a broader, international context, Dean’s misdeeds may also have been viewed in the same light as late Victorian contemporaries and fellow “baby farmers” such as Amelia Dyer in the United Kingdom (convicted in 1896) and John and Sarah Makin (1893) and Frances Lydia Alice Knorr in New South Wales (1893), as well as previous New Zealand historical instances of ostensibly deliberate child deaths. Certainly, given the proximity of New South Wales, the Makin case featured in New Zealand newspapers during the same period as the Minnie Dean controversy and trial.

Murder case and execution

In 1895, Dean was observed boarding a train carrying a young baby and a hatbox, but was later observed leaving the same train without the baby and only the hatbox. As railway porters later testified, the hatbox was suspiciously heavy. A woman, Jane Hornsby, came forward claiming to have given her granddaughter, Eva, to Dean, and clothes identified as belonging to this child were found at Dean’s residence, but Dean could not produce the child herself. A search along the railway line found no sign of the child. Dean was arrested and charged with murder. Her garden was dug up, and three bodies (two of babies, and one of a boy estimated to be three years old) were uncovered. An inquest found that one child (Eva) had died of suffocation and one, later identified as one-year-old Dorothy Edith Carter, had died from an overdose of laudanum (used on children to sedate them). The cause of death for the third child was not determined. Dean was charged with their murder.

Hatboxes containing baby dolls, such as this one, were sold outside the courthouse during Minnie Dean’s 1895 trial.

At her trial, Dean’s lawyer Alfred Hanlon argued that all deaths were accidental, and that they had been covered up to prevent adverse publicity of the sort that Dean had previously received. On 21 June 1895, Dean was found guilty of Dorothy Carter’s murder, and sentenced to death. Between June and August 1895, Dean wrote her own account of her life. Altogether, she claimed to have cared for 28 children. Of these, five were in good health when her establishment was raided, six had died whilst under her care, and one had been reclaimed by her parents. Apart from her two adopted daughters, that left fourteen or so children unaccounted for, according to her own record.

On 12 August, she was hanged by the official executioner, Tom Long, at the old Invercargill gaol at the intersection of Spey and Leven streets. She is the only woman ever executed in New Zealand. She is buried in Winton, alongside her husband, who died in a house fire in 1908. Her crimes led to the Infant Life Protection Act 1893 and the Infant Protection Act 1896.

In popular culture

In 1985, Dean’s trial was the subject of “In Defence of Minnie Dean”, the first episode of the Emmy-nominated Hanlon, a New Zealand television drama series about the career of Dean’s lawyer. The episode won the Best Director, Best Drama Programme, Drama Script, and Performance, Female, in a Dramatic Role categories at the 1986 Listener Television Awards (also called the GOFTA Awards), and “contributed to a re-evaluation of Dean’s conviction”.

Minnie Dean is referenced in Dudley Benson’s 2006 song “It’s Akaroa’s Fault” (“I don’t want to meet Minnie Dean at the end of my life/If I were to meet her I’d keep her hatbox in sight”). Authors Lynley Hood and John Rawle wrote posthumous accounts and reconstructions of the case as the centenary of her apprehension and execution occurred, in 1995.

On Friday 30 January 2009 the Otago Daily Times reported that a headstone had appeared mysteriously on Dean’s grave. The headstone reads “Minnie Dean is part of Winton’s history Where she now lies is now no mystery”. It is unknown who placed the headstone there. Her family had been considering it but claim that this was not their doing.

The Southland Times reported on 23 February 2009 that the family laid a headstone to honour Dean and her husband’s grave.

At the 2012 Edinburgh Fringe Festival, a play titled “A Cry Too Far From Heaven” was performed by a Southland (NZ) theatre company and featured Minnie Dean as one of the title characters on her last night before execution.

In 2013, the New Zealand musician Marlon Williams wrote a song inspired by Minnie’s case, entitled “Ballad of Minnie Dean”.

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Famous Scots. Kaye Adams.

Kaye Adams (born 28 December 1962) is a Scottish television presenter and journalist. She was an anchor on ITV topical discussion show Loose Women from 1999 to 2006 and again from 2013 and was a regular panellist on Channel 5‘s daily morning show The Wright Stuff from 2007 until 2012.

She hosts the morning show on BBC Radio Scotland weekdays from 9 am to 12 noon.

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Strictly Come Dancing 2022,24-09-2022,Generics,Kaye Adams,BBC,Ray Burmiston

Early life

Adams attended Abbotsgrange Middle school in Grangemouth and Grangemouth High before moving to the fee-paying St George’s School, Edinburgh and the University of Edinburgh, from which she graduated with an MA Honours in Economics and Politics.

Media career

Adams started her media career as a graduate trainee at Central Television, concentrating on political and news journalism – her first coup was a one-hour interview with Margaret Thatcher. For the next few years, Adams remained focused on hard news when, in early 1988, moved to Scottish Television‘s nightly news programme, Scotland Today. She was one of the first journalists on the scene of the Lockerbie disaster in 1988. In 1992, a chance opportunity to host a discussion show for Scottish Television, after its original anchor Sheena McDonald left, set her off on a different path. Scottish Women ran for six years under Adams’ chair (1993–99), won a number of awards and marked the start of Adams’ career as a talk show host.

Since her original success with Scottish Women, Adams has presented ITV Weekend Live, three series of Central Weekend Live with Nicky Campbell and John StapletonEsther, latterly Kaye for BBC Two; and Pride and Prejudice for BBC Scotland. Adams co-presented the last ever This Morning before Richard and Judy left, while, in 2002, she was This Morning’s daily live anchor from Australia, reporting on the first series of I’m a Celebrity, Get Me Out of Here!. She has also appeared on Lily Savage’s Blankety Blank.

Between 1999 and 2006, Adams anchored the ITV talk show, Loose Women where, combined with the rest of the female panel, she created a popular and engaging mix of topical issues and entertainment. On 5 November 2013, Adams returned to the panel in rotation with Carol Vorderman and Andrea McLean. In January 2014, former Loose Woman Ruth Langsford returned to co-anchor the programme with Adams, Vorderman and McLean in rotation. Vorderman left the show in July 2014.

Adams has also presented a daytime show called The People Versus. as well as appearing as a panellist and latterly as chair of Have I Got News for You.

Between 2007 and 2010, Adams regularly guest hosted and was a panellist on the Channel 5 panel show The Wright Stuff.

In late 2008, Adams narrated a six-part documentary series The Merchant Navy on STV.

On 26 May 2009, Adams returned to STV, more than 20 years after her first appearance on the station, as a guest co-host on the lifestyle programme The Hour with Stephen Jardine. Adams presented four shows. In August of that year, Adams joined a long team of reporters on The One Show.

Having reported on the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 for STV, Adams narrated a special documentary, The Lockerbie Bomber: Sent Home to Die for the Scottish television channel which aired on 9 August 2010. The programme examined the Lockerbie bomber’s conviction and the renewed controversy over the Scottish Government’s decision to send him home to Libya on compassionate grounds a year earlier.

Since 2011, she has guest presented Channel 5‘s LIVE with… programme.

In 2013, Adams co-hosted the daytime chat show Sunday Scoop with Nadia Sawalha.

Both Nadia Sawalha and Kaye Adams are represented by Nicola Ibison of Ibison Talent Group who acts as both their agent and management. Adams and Nadia Sawalha released a cookery book in 2018 called Nadia & Kaye: Disaster Chef.

In March 2010, Adams joined BBC Radio Scotland to become the host of daily phone-in programme, Call Kaye. The show ended in 2015, and was then replaced by the launch of The Kaye Adams Show, which runs every weekday from 9 am to 12 pm. Kaye is often covered for by a guest host, particularly on a Friday, due to her work on Loose Women.

In 2022, Adams was a contestant on the twentieth series of Strictly Come Dancing. She was paired with Kai Widdrington and was first to be eliminated.

Personal life

Adams is in a relationship with her long-term partner, tennis coach Ian Campbell, with whom she shares two daughters. They live together in Glasgow’s West End. She is good friends with fellow Loose Women panellist Nadia Sawalha.

Adams is a co-patron of Kindred, a Scottish-based charity supporting families of young people with disabilities and mental health issues.

In 2022, Adams admitted she had been lying to her daughter about her age for around 20 years, knocking a decade off her actual age.

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Kings-Queens of Scotland. Dub.

Dub mac Maíl Coluim (Modern GaelicDubh mac Mhaoil Chaluim, Scottish Gaelic pronunciation: [ˈt̪uˈmaʰkˈvɯːlˈxaɫ̪ɯm]), sometimes anglicised as Duff MacMalcolm, called Dén, “the Vehement” and, “the Black” (c. 928 – 967) was king of Alba. He was son of Malcolm I and succeeded to the throne when Indulf was killed in 962.

While later chroniclers such as John of Fordun supplied a great deal of information on Dub’s life and reign, and Hector Boece in his The history and chronicles of Scotland tell tales of witchcraft and treason, almost all of them are rejected by modern historians. There are very few sources for the reign of Dub, of which the Chronicle of the Kings of Alba and a single entry in the Annals of Ulster are the closest to contemporary.

The Chronicle records that during Dub’s reign bishop Fothach, most likely bishop of St Andrews or of Dunkeld, died. The remaining report is of a battle between Dub and Cuilén, son of king Ildulb. Dub won the battle, fought “upon the ridge of Crup”, in which Dunchad(Duncan), abbot of Dunkeld, sometimes supposed to be an ancestor of Crínán of Dunkeld, and Dubdon, the mormaer of Atholl, died.

1861 drawing of the Sueno’s Stone

The various accounts differ on what happened afterwards. The Chronicle claims that Dub was driven out of the kingdom. The Latin material interpolated in Andrew of Wyntoun‘s Orygynale Cronykl states that he was murdered at Forres, and links this to an eclipse of the sun which can be dated to 20 July 966. The Annals of Ulster report only: “Dub mac Maíl Coluim, king of Alba, was killed by the Scots themselves”; the usual way of reporting a death in internal strife, and place the death in 967. It has been suggested that Sueno’s Stone, near Forres, may be a monument to Dub, erected by his brother Kenneth II (Cináed mac Maíl Coluim). It is presumed that Dub was killed or driven out by Cuilén, who became king after Dub’s death, or by his supporters.

Dub Scotland George Jamesone

It is related that his body was hidden under the bridge of Kinloss, and the sun did not shine till it was found and buried. An eclipse on 10 July 967 may have originated or confirmed this story.

Dub left at least one son, Kenneth III (Cináed mac Dub). Although his descendants did not compete successfully for the kingship of Alba after Kenneth was killed in 1005, they did hold the mormaerdom of Fife. The MacDuib (or MacDuff) held the mormaerdom, and later earldom, until 1371

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OOR WULLIE. Valentines.

oor Wullie involved in valentines day. Awe nice.

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Scotland and its History. Autumn Leaves.

Autumn Leaves (1856) is a painting by John Everett Millais exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1856. It was described by the critic John Ruskin as “the first instance of a perfectly painted twilight.” Millais’s wife Effie wrote that he had intended to create a picture that was “full of beauty and without a subject”.

Millais Leaves

The picture depicts four girls in the twilight collecting and raking together fallen leaves in a garden, a location now occupied by Rodney Gardens in Perth, Scotland. They are making a bonfire, but the fire itself is invisible, only smoke emerging from between the leaves. The two girls on the left, modelled on Millais’s sisters-in-law Alice and Sophie Gray, are portrayed in middle-class clothing of the era; the two on the right are in rougher, working class clothing.

The painting has been seen as one of the earliest influences on the development of the aesthetic movement

A sculpture in Rodney Gardens, known as “Millais Viewpoint”, recreates the view through two lower corners of a picture frame, made of stone.


The painting has typically been interpreted as a representation of the transience of youth and beauty, a common theme in Millais’s art. Malcolm Warner argues that Millais was influenced by the poetry of Tennyson, at whose house he had once helped to rake together autumn leaves. Warner suggests that lines from Tennyson’s song “Tears, Idle Tears” in The Princess (1847) may have influenced him:Tears, idle tears, I know not what they mean.
Tears from the depth of some divine despair
Rise in the heart, and gather to the eyes,
In looking on the happy Autumn-fields,
And thinking on the days that are no more.

The apple held by the youngest girl at the right may allude to the loss of childhood innocence implied by reference to original sin and the expulsion from the Garden of Eden.

After a positive review from F.G. Stephens, Millais wrote to him that he had “intended the picture to awaken by its solemnity the deepest religious reflection. I chose the subject of burning leaves as most calculated to produce this feeling.”

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Scottish Architecture. Hill House.

The Hill House in Helensburgh, Scotland, was created by architects and designers Charles and Margaret Macdonald Mackintosh. The house is an example of the Modern Style (British Art Nouveau style). It was designed and built for the publisher Walter Blackie in 1902–1904.


Mackintosh also designed the house interior, including furniture and fittings. In 1982, the house was donated to the National Trust for Scotland (NTS), which maintains and opens the house to visitors.

The client

Helensburgh, located west of Glasgow, saw settlement by wealthy business people from the industrialized city. In 1902, Walter Blackie, a publisher from Blackie and Son, purchased a plot of land to build his new home. Talwin Morris suggested Charles Rennie Mackintosh as the architect for Hill House, and Blackie, despite Mackintosh’s youthfulness, was convinced after seeing other houses designed by him.

Blackie had specific requirements for the construction, seeking grey rough-cast walls and a slate roof instead of traditional materials like bricks and wood beams with red-tiled roofs commonly used in the west of Scotland. He also emphasized architectural effects through the massing of the parts rather than ornamentation, granting Mackintosh creative freedom in his design ideas.

Mackintosh carefully observed the everyday life of the Blackie family before creating any drawings, aiming to tailor the house to the needs of its occupants by addressing functional aspects before developing the design.

There have been reports of the house being haunted by the ghost of Walter Blackie, with sightings of a tall, slender figure dressed in black with a long black cape. Upon entering the bedroom the figure vanished. Witnesses have also reported smelling cigar smoke in the house without any discernible source.

The porous “box” surrounding the house, June 2019

The exterior

The Hill House was designed and constructed by Mackintosh and his wife Margaret MacDonald for a fee of £5,000. The exterior of the house is asymmetrical, which shows Mackintosh’s appreciation for A. W. N. Pugin’s picturesque utility, where the exterior contour evolves from the interior planning.

The exterior qualities of the building are nearly the opposite of the warm, exotic, carefully decorated, and smooth interior. Again, Mackintosh relates to Pugin’s theory by minimizing exterior decoration to emphasize the interior design: the transition from the outside world into a more inviting interior space. Paint analysis of the harling on the exterior shows that it might have been left as an unpainted pale grey initially.

Mackintosh selected Portland cement harling, then a newly introduced product, for the surface finish. This harling was found to be less durable than traditional lime harling, and by 2017, it was discovered to be in a precarious condition, putting the integrity of the whole building at risk. As a temporary solution, NTS has enclosed the Hill House in a transparent porous “box,” allowing some movement of air, so that the structure dries out gradually.

The interior

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One room of the interior of the house.

The mansion combined the Edwardian period’s traditional conception of the “femininity” of an intimate interior space with the “masculinity” of the exterior public world. To Mackintosh, bringing the “masculine” aspects to the inside would break away from the ornately decorated and “feminine” conventional interiors. This allowed him to convey different feelings and experiences depending on the purpose of each space. Mackintosh used different materials, colours, and lighting to perform a full experiential transition from one point to another.

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National Trust for Scotland.

The National Trust for Scotland (Scottish GaelicUrras Nàiseanta na h-Alba) is a Scottish conservation organisation. It is the largest membership organisation in Scotland and describes itself as “the conservation charity that protects and promotes Scotland’s natural and cultural heritage for present and future generations to enjoy”.

The Trust owns and manages around 130 properties and 180,000 acres (73,000 ha; 730 km2) of land, including castles, ancient small dwellings, historic sites, gardens, coastline, mountains and countryside. It is similar in function to the National Trust, which covers EnglandWales, and Northern Ireland, and to other national trusts worldwide.

2880px National Trust For Scotland Logo.svg 1


The Trust was established in 1931 as the “National Trust for Scotland for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty”, following discussions held in the smoking room of Pollok House (now a Trust property). The Trust was incorporated on 1 May 1931, with John Stewart-Murray, 8th Duke of Atholl being elected as its first president, Sir Iain Colqhoun serving as the first chairman. Sir John Stirling Maxwell, owner of Pollok House, was appointed as a vice-president, and provided the trust with its first property, Crookston Castle.  Another early acquisition was Glen Coe, which was purchased with assistance from the Scottish Mountaineering Club in 1935.

showNational Trust for Scotland Order Confirmation Act 1935

In 1935, following the passage of the National Trust for Scotland Order Confirmation Act 1935, the Trust gained the power to declare its properties “inalienable”, meaning that they are effectively held in perpetuity, and can only be removed from the Trust with parliamentary permission.

When the Trust took on the management of mountain estates there was controversy concerning issues such as the siting of visitor centres, which some considered inappropriate for land of “wild” character. The Trust has since removed some intrusive facilities, with the original Glen Coe Visitor Centre being removed in 2002; a new centre was built lower down the glen. Similarly the visitor centre at Ben Lawers was removed in 2012.

In August 2010, a report called Fit For Purpose by George Reid, commissioned by the Trust, cited shortcomings that were corrected though organizational restructuring largely completed by the end of its 2011/12 Fiscal Year. The stabilisation of the Trust’s finances allowed it to make its first acquisition in seven years when it bought the Alloa Tower in Clackmannanshire in 2015.


The Trust is a registered charity under Scottish law. As of 2022 it employed 469 people on a full-time equivalent basis (or 760 in total when taking account of seasonal employees), and had over 310,000 members. The Trust’s Patron is King Charles III; the President is Jackie Bird; the CEO is Philip Long OBE; and the chairman is Sir Mark Jones.

Craigievar Castle 1991


For the year ended 28 February 2022, the Trust’s total income was £51.9 million, up from £44.3 million in 2020–21. The largest sources of income were membership subscriptions (£14.7 million), commercial activities (£9.0 million), investment income (£5.3 million), and property income (£5.3 million). In the same year the Trust’s total expenditure was £51.9 million, up from £44.1 million in 2020–21. The Trust therefore recorded an operating operational deficit of £11.3 million, however this was less bad than anticipated and largely attributed to the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic. A three-year Business Recovery Plan is in place to restore financial sustainability and ensure the trust is able to undertake repairs and maintenance delayed by the pandemic, and to continue to invest in conservation and visitor engagement activities at its properties.


Annual membership of the Trust allows free entry to properties and “Discovery Tickets” are available for shorter term visitors. Membership also provides free entry to National Trust properties in England and Wales and Northern Ireland, and vice versa. The Trust has independent sister organisations in the United States (The National Trust for Scotland Foundation USA), and Canada (The Canadian National Trust for Scotland Foundation). The organisation’s membership magazine was Heritage Scotland until 2002 when it was re-named Scotland in Trust.

For the maintenance of its nature properties, the Trust depends on the contributions of volunteers, with local circles of Conservation Volunteers working on projects during weekends. The charity also organises working holidays called “Thistle Camps” on various properties, with activities undertaken including footpath maintenance and woodland work such as rhododendron control.

National Trust for Scotland properties

Historic houses

The Trust owns many historic houses, ranging from large houses such as Culzean Castle and the House of Dun to humbler dwellings such as the Tenement House and Moirlanich Longhouse.


The Trust is Scotland’s largest garden owner with just under 70 gardens that cover 238 hectares and contain 13,500 varieties of plant. These gardens include 35 “major gardens” with the remainder forming part of other properties. The gardens represent the full history of Scottish gardening ranging from the late medieval at Culross Palace, through the 18th-century picturesque at Culzean Castle and Victorian formality at the House of Dun to 20th-century plant collections at Brodick and Inverewe.

Coastline and countryside

The Trust owns large areas of upland, including Ben Lomond.

The Trust is the third largest land manager in Scotland, owning 76,000 hectares of Scottish countryside including 46 Munros, more than 400 islands and islets and significant stretches of coastline. Trust countryside properties include Glen CoeTorridon and Mar Lodge Estate. The Trust’s management of its coastal and countryside sites is guided by its Wild Land Policy which aims to preserve the land in its undeveloped state and provide access and enjoyment to the public. Trust sites are home to a diverse variety of native wildlife. The Trust estimate that almost 25% of Scotland’s seabirds nest on its island and coastal sites, equivalent to 8% of seabirds in Europe. The Trust’s countryside properties are home to native mammal species including red deerpine martenwildcat and red squirrel.

Since 1957, the Trust have owned and managed the archipelago of St Kilda, Scotland’s first World Heritage Site and the only World Heritage Site in the UK to be listed for both its natural and cultural significance. St Kilda and the surrounding sea stacks are home to over one million seabirds as well as three species unique to the islands; the Soay sheepSt Kilda field mouse and St Kilda wren.

Paintings and sculpture collection

Across its properties the Trust is responsible for the conservation and display of hundreds of thousands of objects from paintings to furniture and domestic tools. The primary aim of the Trust’s curatorship is to present collections and works of art in the historic settings for which they were commissioned or acquired.

Most visited sites

In the year 2021–21 the Trust welcomed 2.2 million visitors to its properties, of which 1.3 million were visits to “gated” properties (properties which non-members are required to pay for entry). In 2016 the 10 most visited properties were:

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Scotland and its History. Bank of Scotland.

The Bank of Scotland plc (Scottish GaelicBanca na h-Alba) is a commercial and clearing bank based in Edinburgh, Scotland, and is part of the Lloyds Banking Group. The bank was established by the Parliament of Scotland in 1695 to develop Scotland’s trade with other countries, and aimed to create a stable banking system in the Kingdom of Scotland.

With a history dating to the end of the 17th century, it is the fifth-oldest extant bank in the United Kingdom (the Bank of England having been established one year earlier), and is the only commercial institution created by the Parliament of Scotland to remain in existence. It was one of the first banks in Europe to print its own banknotes, and it continues to print its own sterling banknotes under legal arrangements that allow Scottish banks to issue currency.

In June 2006, the HBOS Group Reorganisation Act 2006 was passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, allowing the bank’s structure to be simplified. As a result, The Governor and Company of the Bank of Scotland became Bank of Scotland plc on 17 September 2007. Bank of Scotland has been a subsidiary of Lloyds Banking Group since 19 January 2009, when HBOS was acquired by Lloyds TSB.



Bank of Scotland coat of arms, Head Office, The Mound, Edinburgh

The Governor and Company of the Bank of Scotland was established by an Act of the Parliament of Scotland on 17 July 1695, the Act for erecting a Bank in Scotland, opening for business in February 1696. Although established soon after the Bank of England (1694), the Bank of Scotland was a very different institution. Whereas the Bank of England was established specifically to finance defence spending by the English government, the Bank of Scotland was established by the Scottish government to support Scottish business, and was prohibited from lending to the government without parliamentary approval. The founding Act granted the bank a monopoly on public banking in Scotland for 21 years, permitted the bank’s directors to raise a nominal capital of £1,200,000 pound Scots (£100,000 pound sterling), gave the proprietors (shareholders) limited liability, and in the final clause (repealed only in 1920) made all foreign-born proprietors naturalised Scotsmen “to all Intents and Purposes whatsoever”. John Holland, an Englishman, was one of the bank’s founders. Its first chief accountant was George Watson.

18th and 19th centuries

Golden statue of Fame on top of the main dome, Bank of Scotland Head Office, Edinburgh by John Rhind

The Bank of Scotland was suspected of Jacobite sympathies. Its first rival, the Royal Bank of Scotland, was formed by royal charter in 1727. This led to a period of great competition between the two banks as they tried to drive each other out of business. Although the “Bank Wars” ended in around 1751, competition soon arose from other sources, as other Scottish banks were founded throughout the country. In response, the Bank of Scotland itself began to open branches throughout Scotland.

Following the Acts of Union in 1707, the bank supervised the reminting of the old Scottish coinage into Sterling. It was one of the first banks in Europe to print its own banknotes, and it continues to print its own sterling banknotes under legal arrangements that allow Scottish banks to issue currency.

The bank also took the lead in establishing the security and stability of the entire Scottish banking system, which became more important after the insolvency of Alexander Fordyce and collapse of the Ayr Bank in 1772, in the crisis following the collapse of the London house of Neal, James, Fordyce and Down.

Henry Dundas was Governor of the Bank of Scotland from 1790 to 1811. As well as governor, he was also Home Secretary in William Pitt the Younger‘s government. In 1792, Dundas was successful in passing the Slave Trade Bill in the House of Commons.

The bank was housed in the southern (1588) section of the Gourlay house on Melbourne Place before being moved to the customised bank building on the Mound in 1805.

The Western Bank collapsed in 1857, and the Bank of Scotland stepped in with the other Scottish banks to ensure that all the Western Bank’s notes were paid. The first branch in London opened in 1865.

20th century

In the 1950s, the Bank of Scotland was involved in several mergers and acquisitions with different banks. In 1955, the Bank merged with the Union Bank of Scotland. The Bank also expanded into consumer credit with the purchase of Chester-based, North West Securities (Later Capital Bank). In 1971, the Bank agreed to merge with the British Linen Bank, owned by Barclays Bank. The merger saw Barclays Bank acquire a 35% stake in the Bank of Scotland, a stake it retained until the 1990s.

In 1959, the Bank of Scotland became the first bank in the UK to install a computer to process accounts centrally. At 11:00 on 25 January 1985, the Bank of Scotland introduced HOBS (Home and Office Banking Services), an early example of remote access technology being made available to banking customers. This followed a small-scale service operated jointly with the Nottingham Building Society for two years but developed by the Bank of Scotland. The new HOBS service enabled customers to access their accounts directly on a television screen, using the Prestel telephone network.

International expansion

Main article: Bank of Scotland International

The arrival of North Sea oil to Scotland in the 1970s allowed the Bank of Scotland to expand into the energy sector. The Bank later used this expertise in energy finance to expand internationally. The first international office opened in Houston, Texas, followed by more in the United States, Moscow and Singapore. In 1987, the Bank acquired Countrywide Bank of New Zealand (later sold to Lloyds TSB in 1998). The Bank later expanded into the Australian market by acquiring the Perth-based Bank of Western Australia.

A controversial period in the Bank’s history was the attempt in 1999 to enter the United States retail banking market via a joint venture with evangelist Pat Robertson. The move was met with criticism from civil rights groups in the UK, owing to Robertson’s controversial views on homosexuality. The Bank was forced to cancel the deal when Robertson described Scotland as a “dark land overrun by homosexuals”.


Main article: HBOS

Formation of HBOS

Headquarters of the Bank of Scotland, located on The Mound, at North Bank Street, Edinburgh (the street is named in honour of the bank having moved there in 1806)

In the late 1990s, the UK financial sector market underwent a period of consolidation on a large scale. Many of the large building societies were demutualising and becoming banks in their own right or merging with existing banks. For instance Lloyds Bank and TSB Bank merged in 1995 to create Lloyds TSB In 1999, the Bank of Scotland made a takeover bid for National Westminster Bank. Since the Bank of Scotland was significantly smaller than the English-based NatWest, the move was seen as an audacious and risky move. However, The Royal Bank of Scotland tabled a rival offer, and a bitter takeover battle ensued, with the Royal Bank the victor.

The Bank of Scotland was now the centre of other merger opportunities. A proposal to merge with the Abbey National was explored, but later rejected. In 2001, the Bank of Scotland and the Halifax agreed a merger to form HBOS (“Halifax Bank of Scotland”).

HBOS Reorganisation Act

In 2006, HBOS secured the passing of the HBOS Group Reorganisation Act 2006, a private Act of Parliament that would allow the group to operate within a simplified structure. The Act allowed HBOS to make the Governor and Company of the Bank of Scotland a public limited company, Bank of Scotland plc, which became the principal banking subsidiary of HBOS. Halifax plc and Capital Bank plc transferred their undertakings to Bank of Scotland plc, and although the Halifax brand name was retained, Halifax then began to operate under the latter company’s UK banking licence. Capital Bank branding was phased out.

The provisions in the Act were implemented on 17 September 2007.

Lloyds Banking Group

In 2008, HBOS Group agreed to be taken over by Lloyds TSB Group during the Great Recession.


See also: Banknotes of Scotland

Although the Bank of Scotland today is not a central bank, it retains the right (along with two other Scottish commercial banks) to issue pound sterling banknotes to this day. These notes are equal in value to notes issued by the Bank of England, the central bank of the United Kingdom.

Banknote history

Along with the Bank of England, the Bank of Scotland was one of the first European banks to issue paper currency redeemable for cash on demand (which was an extremely useful facility given the poor state of the Scottish coinage at the end of the 17th century) on a sustainable basis after the earlier failed attempt of the Swedish Stockholms Banco in 1661–64. Following the Acts of Union in 1707, the bank supervised the reminting of the old Scottish coinage into Sterling. Up until the middle of the 19th century, privately owned banks in Great Britain and Ireland were permitted to issue their own banknotes, and money issued by provincial Scottish, English, Welsh and Irish banking companies circulated freely as a means of payment.

In 1826, there was outrage in Scotland at the attempt of the United Kingdom Parliament to prevent the production of banknotes of less than five pounds face value. Sir Walter Scott wrote a series of letters to the Edinburgh Weekly Journal under the pseudonym “Malachi Malagrowther“, which provoked such a response that the government was forced to relent and allow the Scottish banks to continue printing £1 notes.

1995 series

The Tercentenary Series £50 note (1995)

Bank of Scotland’s previous note issue was in 1995, known as the Tercentenary Series as they were issued in the year of the three hundredth anniversary of the foundation of the bank. Each denomination features Sir Walter Scott on the front, and on the back are representations of industries that Scotland excels in:

  • £5 note featuring a vignette of oil and energy
  • £10 note featuring a vignette of distilling and brewing
  • £20 note featuring a vignette of education and research
  • £50 note featuring a vignette of arts and culture
  • £100 note featuring a vignette of leisure and tourism.

These notes are no longer in circulation.

2007 “Bridges” series

A £20 note of the 2007 issue.

Bank of Scotland began issuing a new series of banknotes in the Autumn of 2007, which feature the common theme of Scottish bridges. It will take at least three years for the current issue of Bank of Scotland notes to be phased out of circulation. In keeping with the bank’s tradition, the front of the notes depict an image of Sir Walter Scott; the image on the 2007 series is based on the portrait of Scott painted by Henry Raeburn.

Some new security features have also been added to the new design. These include a metallic security thread embedded in every banknote, which contains the numerical value of the note and the note’s bridge image. A new hologram and foil patch has been introduced on the front of the £20, £50 and £100 notes, which features the Bank of Scotland logo and the numerical value of the note.

On 1 March 2018 the Bank of Scotland decided to withdraw all of its paper £5 and £10 notes, and fully replace them with its polymer equivalents (see below).

2016 Polymer series

Bank of Scotland began issuing new banknotes on polymer in 2016, beginning with the £5 note. The main theme of the bridges of Scotland are kept for this series, but have been redesigned to incorporate additional design features. The portrait of Sir Walter Scott by Henry Raeburn is the same as the 2007 issues, but have been shifted from the centre to the right side of the notes. The bank’s headquarters, “The Mound” is featured at the centre of the note. The size of the notes for this series is also reduced.

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Scottish Bands-Music. Folk.

Originally this song was a Scottish music hall song written by Harry Linn (1845-90) under the titles “Jock McGraw” or “The Fattest Man in the Forty Twa”. The lyrics have been tinkered with since the original was published and is now more of a folk song than a music hall song.

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My Poetry. Brotherhood.

In the tapestry of life, a bond so true,
A thread of strength, woven in hues of blue.
Brotherhood, a symphony of shared delight,
Guiding stars that shimmer through the night.

Through childhood's playground, hand in hand,
Two hearts entwined, like grains of sand.
A kinship forged, a flame ablaze,
In the dance of time, a timeless maze.

In trials and triumphs, side by side,
Brotherhood's embrace, a constant guide.
Through stormy seas and sunny weather,
A bond unbroken, tethered forever.

The echoes of laughter, the whispers of trust,
In the garden of brotherhood, love is a must.
Shoulder to shoulder, facing life's quest,
Together we conquer, our hearts manifest.

Through shared dreams and secrets untold,
In the warmth of camaraderie, stories unfold.
A tapestry of memories, woven so fine,
Brotherhood's legacy, an eternal design.

In moments of darkness, a beacon so bright,
Brotherhood's lantern, dispelling the night.
United we stand, a fortress so grand,
In the kingdom of kinship, an unyielding band.

So here's to the brothers, in spirit and blood,
A melody of unity, a river in flood.
In the symphony of life, a harmonious chord,
Brotherhood's anthem, forever adored.
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Scottish Places of Interest. Windy.

Windy Hill is a 316 metres (1.037 feet) high hill in RenfrewshireScotland. It is one of the TuMPs of the Lowlands.


Summit cairn

The hill is located on the eastern border of the River Calder catchment area and is part of the Clyde Muirshiel Regional Park. Its summit is at OS grid ref NS 3183 6374Windy Hill is also the name of the first important house designed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh, which is located in Kilmacolm at some miles from the hill.


The hill is what remains of the top of a volcanic plug. A little east from Windy Hill can be observed a well developed bole horizon (more than 2 metres thick), a type of soil which originates from the weathering of igneous rocks.

Access to the summit.

Windy Hill in winter

The hilltop can be easily accessed from the visitor centre of Muirshiel, following a maintained footpath,and offers a good point of view on the surrounding area. The walk is considered ideal for children too.

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Scotland and its History. The Pope.

The state visit of Pope Benedict XVI to the United Kingdom  held from 16 to 19 September 2010 and was the first visit by a Pope to Britain after Pope John Paul II made a pastoral, rather than state, visit in 1982. The visit included the beatification of Cardinal Newman as a “pastoral highlight”.

Pope Benedict’s visit included meetings with Elizabeth II (Queen of the United Kingdom and Supreme Governor of the Church of England), First Minister of Scotland Alex SalmondArchbishop of Canterbury Rowan WilliamsPrime Minister and Conservative Party leader David Cameron, and leaders of the other main political parties.

The Pope’s itinerary included open air Masses in Glasgow and Birmingham, a youth vigil in Hyde Park in London, and Mass at Westminster Cathedral in London, attended by over 200,000 people.

Papal Visit In Westminster 17th September 2010

Invitation and planning

An invitation to visit Britain was extended to Pope Benedict XVI by then Prime Minister Gordon Brown in February 2009. The Pope’s visit featured in the debates between party leaders in April 2010, prior to the 2010 United Kingdom general election, where all three party leaders expressed support for the visit, while expressing disagreement with some of the Pope’s views.

Anjoum Noorani of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office was originally a key contact between the British Government and the papal visit team. However, he was suspended from overseas postings and given a final warning, to last for five years, after approving the sending of a memo written by Steven Mulvain, a 23-year-old Oxford graduate, mocking the visit. Subsequently, the new Government appointed liberal Catholic Lord Patten to get the visit back on track following a series of setbacks.[5]

Ticketed events

There were three specific ticketed events open to the public during the Pope’s visit. These were a Mass in Bellahouston Park, Glasgow, on the afternoon of Thursday 16 September, an evening prayer vigil in Hyde Park, London, on Saturday 18 September, and the Mass of Beatification of John Henry Newman in Cofton Park, Longbridge, Birmingham, on Sunday 19 September.

In contrast with the previous Papal visit to Britain, that of Pope John Paul II in 1982, where anyone could attend open-air events, there was tight security for the 2010 Papal visit, with all attendees required to register in advance through their parish and to attend in a group with a ‘Pilgrim Leader’ from that parish, who as leader had the responsibility to vouch for all members of his group. All registered attendees received a ‘Pilgrim Pass’, required for admission to events. Non-Catholics were permitted to attend, by contacting their local parish.

The Mass of Beatification in Cofton Park was originally arranged for Coventry Airport, with a capacity of up to 250,000. The planned event at the airport, which had seen 350,000 attend the visit of Pope John Paul II in 1982, was the subject of an Isle of Man commemorative stamp. However the event was switched to the much smaller Cofton Park, Longbridge, a switch that the church denied was to reduce costs, instead stating that Cofton Park had a greater connection to Newman, who had lived in the area and walked around the park.


The visit of the Pope was the first state visit of a Pope to Britain; the visit of his predecessor, Pope John Paul II, had been a pastoral visit, and as such the British government did not pay the costs of that visit, although expenses were incurred by local governments in areas that he visited.

The final cost to the British taxpayer (excluding policing costs) of the visit was £10 million. The cost to the taxpayer was criticised, with a ComRes poll showing that 76% of people in the UK agreed with the statement that ‘The Pope is a religious figure so the taxpayer should not be contributing to the costs of his visit’. The cost was defended by the Archbishop of Westminster, leader of the Catholic Church in England and Wales, who said that it was right for the government to pay for official State Visits, as well as by Lord Patten, who said that the cost compared favourably with the £20 million spent on the 2009 G-20 London Summit. The visit was predicted to cost Edinburgh City council £400,000.

The financial benefits as well as costs of the Papal visit were reported, with the councillor coordinating the visit to Birmingham, which incurred £80,000 in direct costs, estimated before the event a £12.5 million boost to the city, while Scott Taylor of Glasgow City Marketing Bureau said that there was a direct £4.25m benefit to Glasgow, with further valuable publicity from the resultant media coverage of the city.

It was announced in July that attendees at events would be charged for a compulsory ‘Pilgrim Pack’, including commemorative items, in order to fund transport costs. The costs were £5 for the Hyde Park vigil (which did not include transport), £25 to attend the Cofton Park event and £20 to attend Bellahouston Park Mass. The £20 charge for Bellahouston Park was levied on the parish, which had discretion as to whether it recouped the cost directly from attendees. The charges were said to be the first ever levied for attending Papal events, and came amid reports that the church was £2.6 million short of its donation target.

The cost to the Catholic Church was £10 million, against the £7 million published on the Papal Visit website. The bulk of the £7m, £5.2m was for staging the three large-scale public events, a further £0.6m for three smaller pastoral events, with the remaining £1.2m covering evangelism, planning and communication. £1.1 million was raised through a Pentecost Sunday special collection in churches and £4m from wealthy individual donors. As of November 2010 the church had a £3.5m shortfall, due to be repaid to the Government by April 2011.


16 September

Pope Benedict XVI began his official visit in Scotland at Edinburgh Airport on 16 September, where he was greeted by Prince Philip and the Archbishops of Westminster and St Andrews and Edinburgh. He then met the Queen for the first time at Holyrood Palace in Edinburgh, the Queen’s official residence in Scotland, with the ceremonial Guard of honour formed by the Royal Regiment of Scotland, the Royal Company of Archers and the High Constables of Holyroodhouse.

In his speech at Holyrood Palace, the Pope associated atheist extremism with Nazism, causing controversy. The Pope said:

Even in our own lifetime, we can recall how Britain and her leaders stood against a Nazi tyranny that wished to eradicate God from society and denied our common humanity to many, especially the Jews, who were thought unfit to live. I also recall the regime’s attitude to Christian pastors and religious who spoke the truth in love, opposed the Nazis and paid for that opposition with their lives. As we reflect on the sobering lessons of the atheist extremism of the twentieth century, let us never forget how the exclusion of God, religion and virtue from public life leads ultimately to a truncated vision of man and of society and thus to a “reductive vision of the person and his destiny”.

A parade for Saint Ninian‘s day was held at 11am, the route beginning on Regent Road, Edinburgh, and proceeding along Princes Street. Attendance was open to all, with a parade of school children and figures from Scotland’s Christian history, in honour of St Ninian of Galloway, who brought Christianity to Scotland from Rome in the fifth century. After the parade, which was attended by around 125,000 people, the Pope proceeded by Popemobile to have lunch with Cardinal O’Brien at his home before travelling by car to Glasgow.

The Pope was greeted by the Archbishop of Glasgow for the ticketed Mass of the Feast of St Ninian in Bellahouston ParkSusan Boyle and Pop Idol winner Michelle McManus performed before the start of the Mass. Attendance was around 65,000 people. The Pope flew from Glasgow Airport to London Heathrow airport that evening.

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Scotland and its Architecture.

Kildrummy Castle is a ruined castle near Kildrummy in Aberdeenshire Scotland. Though ruined, it is one of the most extensive castles dating from the 13th century to survive in eastern Scotland, and was the seat of the Earls of Mar. It is owned today by Historic Environment Scotland and is open to the public as a scheduled ancient monument with gardens that are included in the Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland.


The castle was probably built in the mid-13th century under Gilbert de Moravia. It has been posited that siting of Kildrummy Castle was influenced by the location of the Grampian Mounth trackway crossings, particularly the Elsick Mounth and Cryne Corse Mounth. Kildrummy Castle underwent siege numerous times in its history, first in defence of the family of Robert the Bruce in August–September 1306 (leading to the executions of Nigel Bruce and many other Scots), and again in 1335 by David of Strathbogie. On this occasion Christina Bruce held off the attackers until her husband Sir Andrew Murray came to her rescue. In the reign of David IIWalter Maule of Panmure was warden of Kildrummy Castle.

In 1403-4 Alexander Stewart, murdered Sir Malcolm Drummond and then took his widow, Isabel Douglas, Countess of Mar, by force and laid claim to Kildrummy and the title of “Earl of Mar“. In 1435 it was taken over by James I and became a royal castle. In 1468 Henry Kinghorn was keeper of Kildrummy Castle for James III and spent £100 Scots on building works and repairs. James IV granted the keeping of Kildrummy and its lands to Alexander Elphinstone, 1st Lord Elphinstone and his wife Elizabeth Barlow in 1507.

Kildrummy Castle 2

The castle passed from the Clan Elphinstone to the Clan Erskine before being abandoned in 1716 following the failure of the Jacobite Rising of 1715.

In 1538 the castle was raided by John Strachan, the young laird of Lenturk, who took furnishings and fixtures. Strachan brought a blacksmith to remove the ironwork from the windows and doors. Some of the metal was turned into horseshoes and used to mend ploughs at the Kirktoun of Glenbuchat.

In May 1585 Margaret Haldane, the wife of David Erskine, Commendator of Dryburgh, was held at Kildrummy in the custody of the Master of Elphinstone. In 1645 Robert Farquharson of Invercauld was the keeper of Kildrummy Castle for the Earl of Mar and his son Lord Erskine. The laird of Glenkindie also helped to keep the castle, fearing the depredations that a garrison of outsider or “stranger” soldiers would make on his lands.


Kildrummy Castle is “shield-shaped” in plan with a number of independent towers. The flat side of the castle overlooks a steep ravine; moreover, on the opposite side of the castle the walls come to a point, which was once defended by a massive twin-towered gatehouse. The castle also had a keep, called the Snow Tower, taller than the other towers, built in the French style, as at Bothwell Castle. Extensive earthworks protected the castle, including a dry moat and the ravine. Most of the castle foundations are now visible, along with most of its lower-storey walls. Archaeological excavations in 1925 uncovered decorative stone flooring and evidence of battles.


The castle was given into the care of the Ministry of Works in 1951, and is now owned by its successor organisation, Historic Environment Scotland. The castle and its gardens, in the quarry used to excavate stone for the castle, are both open to the public.

A hotel (the Kildrummy Castle Hotel) has been built on the old estate, overlooking the ruins.

Kildrummy Castle was the venue for the Scottish Sculpture Open, sometimes known as the Kildrummy Open, organised by the Scottish Sculpture Workshop from 1981 to 1997. Scotland and its Architecture.
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The Broons. Robert Burns.

The Broons Family celebrating Burns Night 25th January.

Broons Burns
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25th January is Burns night in Scotland. Rabbie Burns was a Scottish Poet.

Wullie Burns
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Scottish Tartans. House of Stuart.

The Royal Stuart (or Royal Stewart) tartan, first published in 1831, is the best-known tartan of the royal House of Stuart/Stewart, and is one of the most recognizable tartans. Today, it is worn by the regimental pipers of the Black WatchScots Guards, and Royal Scots Dragoon Guards, among other official and organisational uses. It is commonly worn by the general public as a British symbol, though in theory it is the individual property of Charles III.

The House of Stuart, originally spelled Stewart, was a royal house of ScotlandEnglandIreland   and later Great Britain. The family name comes from the office of High Steward of Scotland, which had been held by the family progenitor Walter fitz Alan (c. 1150). The name Stewart and variations had become established as a family name by the time of his grandson Walter Stewart. The first monarch of the Stewart line was Robert II, whose male-line descendants were kings and queens in Scotland from 1371, and of England, Ireland and Great Britain from 1603, until 1714. Mary, Queen of Scots (r. 1542–1567), was brought up in France where she adopted the French spelling of the name Stuart.

In 1503, James IV married Margaret Tudor, thus linking the reigning royal houses of Scotland and England. Margaret’s niece, Elizabeth I of England died without issue in 1603, and James IV’s and Margaret’s great-grandson James VI of Scotland succeeded to the thrones of England and Ireland as James I in the Union of the Crowns. The Stuarts were monarchs of Britain and Ireland and its growing empire until the death of Queen Anne in 1714, except for the period of the Commonwealth between 1649 and 1660.

In total, nine Stewart/Stuart monarchs ruled Scotland alone from 1371 until 1603, the last of whom was James VI, before his accession in England. Two Stuart queens ruled the isles following the Glorious Revolution in 1688: Mary II and Anne. Both were the Protestant daughters of James VII and II by his first wife Anne Hyde and the great-grandchildren of James VI and I. Their father had converted to Catholicism and his new wife gave birth to a son in 1688, who was to be brought up as a Roman Catholic; so James was deposed by Parliament in 1689, in favour of his daughters. However, neither daughter had any children who survived to adulthood, so the crown passed to the House of Hanover on the death of Queen Anne in 1714 under the terms of the Act of Settlement 1701 and the Act of Security 1704. The House of Hanover had become linked to the House of Stuart through the line of Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia.

Royal Blue4 47 1 Jpg

After the loss of the throne, the descendants of James VII and II continued for several generations to attempt to reclaim the Scottish and English (and later British) throne as the rightful heirs, their supporters being known as Jacobites. Since the early 19th century, when the James II direct line failed, there have been no active claimants from the Stuart family. The current Jacobite heir to the claims of the historical Stuart monarchs is a distant cousin Franz, Duke of Bavaria, of the House of Wittelsbach. The senior living member of the royal Stewart family, descended in a legitimate male line from Robert II of Scotland, is Andrew Richard Charles Stuart, 9th Earl Castle Stewart.

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Scottish Places of Interest. Deep Sea.

Deep Sea World is an aquarium located in the village of North Queensferry, in Fife, Scotland. It is host to a collection of large sand tiger sharks, also known as ragged toothed sharks or grey nurse sharks, and various other species of shark.


The aquarium opened on 9 April 1993 in the site of the disused Battery Quarry, below the Forth Rail Bridge. It is owned and operated by the Spanish Aspro Ocio Group, who also run the Blue Planet Aquarium in England and many other aquaria in Europe.


A shark at Deep Sea World

One of the main attractions is the 112 m (367 ft) long transparent acrylic underwater viewing tunnel, which is one of the longest of its kind in the world. The curvature of the 6.5-centimetre (2.6 in) thick acrylic causes a de-magnifying effect on all of the creatures in the exhibit—roughly one third reduction. The tank with the tunnel contains 1,000,000 imperial gallons (4,500,000 L; 1,200,000 US gal) of sea water pumped in from the River Forth. This water is generally around 14 °C (57 °F), but varies with the season. Because of the low temperature most animals within the tunnel are from around Britain. Sand tiger sharks are generally found in warmer water, for example Florida, US and South Africa. They easily adapt to the change in temperature, but the lower temperature reduces the rate of metabolism.

The aquarium also displays various tanks and rock pools containing exotic fish and other sea animals.

Seal pens at Deep Sea World.

In 2005, the aquarium opened a new seal enclosure which houses resident seals as well as injured ones rescued by the SSPCA.

Deep Sea World .uk 701044
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Scotland and its History. Visit.

George IV‘s visit to Scotland in 1822 was the first visit of a reigning monarch to Scotland in nearly two centuries, the last being by Charles II for his Scottish coronation in 1651. Government ministers had pressed the King to bring forward a proposed visit to Scotland, to divert him from diplomatic intrigue at the Congress of Verona.

The visit increased the king’s popularity in Scotland, turning some subjects away from the rebellious radicalism of the time. However, it was Sir Walter Scott‘s organisation of the visit, with the inclusion of tartan pageantry, that was to have a lasting influence, by elevating the tartan kilt to become part of Scotland’s national identity.

George Iv In Kilt By Wilkie


After nearly a decade of ruling as prince regentGeorge IV acceded to the throne and his coronation on 19 July 1821, was celebrated by splendid pageantry, much of it invented for the occasion. He was obese and was widely unpopular, with many offended by his treatment of his wife, Caroline of Brunswick. He had also been struggling to manipulate the government, which was seen as a corrupt oligarchy by Radicals whose increasing unrest following the revolutions which shook America and France culminated in the “Radical War” of 1820 in Scotland and terrified the gentry. He was invited to attend the Congress of Verona, but government ministers wanting to keep Parliamentary control of foreign affairs pressed him to bring forward a proposed visit to Scotland which it was hoped would calm unrest. Suffering from painful illness and pushed by opposing factions of diplomats and ministers, the King remained indecisive, but preparations went ahead in the hope of his agreement.

Walter Scott was the author of the novel Waverley which popularised a romantic image of the Scottish Highlands. In 1815 this led to his being invited to dine with George, who was then the Prince Regent. By 1822 Scott had become a baronet, and was well acquainted with both Highland and Lowland nobility.

Kilts and tartans were used for army uniforms but were no longer ordinary Highland wear, having been proscribed in the wake of the Jacobite Risings by the Dress Act. The “small” kilt as worn today was a relatively recent innovation in the Highlands, having been introduced around the 1720s and later adopted as dress uniform by the army, but the romance of the “ancient” belted plaid still appealed to those wanting to preserve the Highland identity. Soon after the Act’s repeal in 1782, Highland aristocrats set up Highland Societies in Edinburgh and other centers including London and Aberdeen. These were landowners’ clubs with aims including “Improvements” (the Highland Clearances) and promoting “the general use of the ancient Highland dress” by obliging members to wear this when attending meetings. Numerous less exclusive associations including the Celtic Society of Edinburgh, of which Scott was enthusiastic chairman, had membership including many lowlanders as well as chieftains of impeccable Highland ancestry, and also promoted a Highland culture with all attending meetings and dances wearing “the garb of old Gaul”.


Contemporary caricature of the kilted King George IV.

When his advice was sought, Sir Walter Scott seized the opportunity to invent a splendid pageant wherein ancient Scotland would be reborn, and the king parodied in cartoons as a fat debaucher would be seen as “a portly handsome man looking and moving every inch a King”. George would be presented as a new Jacobite king, with the logic that he was by bloodline as much a Stuart as Bonnie Prince Charlie had been, and would win the affections of the Scots away from radical reform. A small committee was set up, with Scott’s principal assistant being his friend Major General David Stewart of Garth who had made himself the undisputed authority on Highlanders with his Sketches.

George had been persuaded by Scott that he was not only a Stuart prince, but also a Jacobite Highlander, and could rightly and properly swathe himself in “the Garb of Old Gaul [sic]”, so in July 1822 the King placed his order with George Hunter & Co.outfitters of Tokenhouse Yard, London and Princes StreetEdinburgh, for £1,354 18s (a sum equivalent to £130,000 today) worth of highland outfit in bright red Royal Tartan, later known as Royal Stuart, complete with gold chains and assorted weaponry including dirksword and pistols.

Scott brought the Highland societies and the Clan chieftains into arranging for a plaided pageantry. Garth now drilled the younger members of the Celtic Society into four companies as honour guards. Their mix of lowlanders and highlanders had already offended Alexander Ranaldson MacDonell of Glengarry, who was quick to demand that his Society of True Highlanders be given precedence, but his attempts to take over were generally disregarded. Some chieftains took the event as a chance to show impressive forces and thus disprove allegations about the Highland Clearances, but the decimation of their tenantry rather undermined this. James Loch acting for the Countess of Sutherland solved the problem of finding kilts by borrowing army uniforms from the Sutherland Highlanders.

For the management of all events, Scott took the advice of his friend the young actor-manager William Henry Murray whose talents at theatrical scenery and costume were put to good use in creating the settings and the “revived ancient dresses” for the pageants he arranged. Holyrood Palace had to be readied for state occasions, but was not in fit condition as a royal residence and arrangements were made for the king to stay at Dalkeith House, 7 miles (11 km) from Edinburgh.

There was widespread concern about procedure and etiquette, not least amongst the touchy Highland chiefs (notably Glengarry), which Scott met by producing a shilling booklet entitled “HINTS addressed to the INHABITANTS OF EDINBURGH AND OTHERS in prospect of HIS MAJESTY’S VISIT. By an old citizen”, which gave an outline of planned events with detailed advice on behaviour and clothing. All gentlemen of the city were expected to attend public appearances in a uniform blue coat, white waistcoat and white or nankeen (yellowish) cotton trousers, and a low-crowned dark hat decorated with a cockade in the form a white St. Andrew‘s saltire on a blue background. Similarly detailed guidance was given for those fortunate enough to attend functions or levees, with gentlemen to wear a full dress suit, as well as a description of the dress of the Highland chiefs and their “tail” of followers who were expected to “add greatly to the variety, gracefulness and appropriate splendour of the scene”.

The exception was the “Grand Ball” held by the peers of Scotland to entertain the king: Scott’s “Hints” called this a “Highland Ball”, reminded readers that the king had ordered a kilt and set the condition that, unless in uniform, “no Gentleman is to be allowed to appear in any thing but the ancient Highland costume”. At this, lowland gentlemen suddenly embarked on a desperate search for Highland ancestry (however remote) and a suitable tartan kilt from the Edinburgh tailors, who responded inventively. This can be seen as the pivotal event when what had been thought of as the primitive dress of mountain thieves became the national dress of the whole of Scotland.

According to some sources, the catering contract was won by Ebenezer Scroggie, who would become the posthumous inspiration for Charles Dickens’ character Ebenezer Scrooge in A Christmas Carol. However, there is no evidence that Ebenezer Scroggie ever existed, and the story might be part of a “probable Dickens hoax”.

The visit.

The Royal George at Leith.
Detail from a painting by Alexander Carse showing the King landing at Leith, which remains hanging in Leith Town Hall.[6]

The first of Scott’s pageants took place on the King’s 60th birthday, on Monday 12 August 1822. In procession, the Midlothian Yeomanry and companies of Highlanders escorted coaches carrying the Regalia of Scotland and dignitaries from the Castle to Holyrood Palace. The procession assembled on The Mound before going up to the Castle, and within minutes of setting off was halted by the arrival on horseback of a flamboyantly dressed Glengarry who announced that it was his rightful place to ride at the head of the procession. After a pause, a Captain Ewan MacDougall persuaded the hot-tempered Glengarry to go away. Watched by packed crowds, the procession formally received the regalia then returned down to The Mound and went down it to Princes Street and on by Calton Hill to Holyroodhouse.

The King’s ship the Royal George arrived in the Firth of Forth about noon on Wednesday 14 August, but his landing was postponed due to torrential rain. Despite the rain, Sir Walter Scott was rowed out to see the King, who exclaimed, “What! Sir Walter Scott! The man in Scotland I most wish to see!  After a drink of whisky, Scott presented the King with a jewel designed and embroidered by the ladies of Edinburgh, in the form of a silver St Andrews cross embroidered with pearls on blue velvet with a belt of gold a diamond buckle and magnificent Scottish pearl surmounted by the imperial crown picked out in brilliants, rubies, emeralds and topaz. Inscribed on the cross was “Righ Albainn gu brath” (Long live the King of Scotland).

On Thursday 15 August, the King in naval uniform arrived in sunshine at the quayside of The Shore, Leith and stepped ashore onto a red carpet strewn with flowers to greet the waiting crowds, and the High Constabulary of the Port of Leith (Leith High Constables). After fifteen minutes of the ritual salutations traditional in a royal entry he got in his carriage. A quiet pause was rudely interrupted by Glengarry on horseback galloping up beside the King, sweeping off his bonnet and loudly announcing “Your Majesty is welcome to Scotland!”. The King, in good humour, bowed graciously at this unplanned intrusion as his carriage moved off. A procession including lowland regiments and Highland clan regiments with pipe bands escorted the King’s open carriage the 3 miles (5 km) up to Edinburgh past cheering Scots crowding every possible viewpoint eager to show a welcome to their monarch. At a theatrical “medieval” gateway the King was presented with the keys to the city and “the hearts and persons” of its people.

Much of the pageantry for the visit would be medieval rather than Highland, but the exotic outfits of the “gathering of the Gael” were to attract most attention. The next day was one that the King spent away from the public at Dalkeith. Edinburgh was full of visitors for the occasion, and that evening they walked round enjoying “illuminations” with illustrated tributes hung on public buildings, businesses and houses, “Everywhere crowded to excess, but in civility and quiet”, before being escorted to their rest around midnight by bands of boys carrying flaming torches to light their way.

On Saturday afternoon, 17 August, the King attended a short levee at Holyrood Palace, where the great and good queued to be greeted by George in his Highland outfit complete with pink pantaloons to conceal his bloated legs, described as “buff coloured trowsers like flesh to imitate his Royal knees“. When someone complained that the kilt had been too short for modesty, Lady Hamilton-Dalrymple wittily responded “Since he is to be among us for so short a time, the more we see of him the better.”

The King would not be seen again by the public until Monday afternoon when a medium-sized crowd caught a brief glimpse of him as he went into Holyroodhouse to hear long repetitive addresses from the Church of Scotland, the Scottish Episcopal Church, universities, burghs, counties and the Highland Society, and give his short formal responses.

The King’s Drawing Room on Tuesday 20 August was attended by 457 ladies, and custom required that he kiss each one on the cheek. This brief occasion took him away from Dalkeith House for two hours, and the presentation of the ladies lasted from 2.15 to 3.30. In the rush some ladies received no “buss” on the cheek, or in their nervousness scarcely felt the kiss at all. All were dressed in rich gowns with sweeping trains, and most had coloured ostrich plumes above their elaborately curled hair. The King was courteous and smiling, and paid particular attention to “the lady on whose account so many Highlanders went down to Elgin two years ago” when election passions led to Lady Anne Margaret Grant, daughter of the late Sir James Grant, 8th Baronet, and her sisters who had also supported the Tories, being besieged by a “democratic mob” of Whig supporting townsfolk until a rescue party of her clansmen was “summoned by the fiery cross” and released them without coming to blows. The story of “The Raid to Elgin” had amused the king, and he remarked “Truly she is an object fit to raise the chivalry of a clan”, echoing Scott’s romanticism. He spent the next day at Dalkeith, and that evening Scott dined with him.

The King waves his hat from the castle battlements.

Heavy rain returned on Thursday 22 August as a Grand Procession went from Holyrood to Edinburgh Castle. The procession and the King’s closed carriage went up the Royal Mile flanked by colourful bunting and densely packed cheering crowds obscured by their umbrellas. At the castle, the king climbed out onto the battlements of the Half Moon Battery to wave his cocked hat to continuing “huzzas” from the crowd for fifteen minutes, reportedly saying “Good God! What a fine sight. I had no conception there was such a fine scene in the world; and to find it in my own dominions; and the people are as beautiful and as extraordinary as the scene.” and “Rain? I feel no rain. Never mind, I must cheer the people.” He had not been used to this kind of reception On Friday, 23 August, a review of 3,000 volunteer cavalrymen was held on Portobello sands. The king was also to honour the Clans including a contingent from the Celtic Society of Edinburgh. Though disappointingly his review ended before reaching them, the Highlanders took part in the Grand March Past then were cheered by the crowds as they marched back to Edinburgh. That evening, George appeared at the Peers’ Grand Ball wearing a field marshal‘s uniform as earlier in the day rather than the anticipated kilt. The Peers’ Ball was a formal occasion with court dress worn predominantly, though some gentlemen chose either Highland attire or military uniform. The ladies were mostly in white dresses. The Ball started with the anthem as soon as the King entered the Ballroom, followed by a reel and then a country dance. Lady Anne Scott together with her sister Isabel, daughters of the 4th Duke of Buccleuch, “danced the reels famously’’. Another reel was performed at the bottom of the ballroom by a set consisted of two older gentlemen, one of whom was a Highlander, and both “jumped and capered so and made all sorts of such strange antics” which “his Majesty seems to witness with much pleasure.” The music was played by the Assembly Rooms band led by Nathaniel Gow. The performance of the reels gave the King the most delight. More dancing took place in the Second Ballroom where fashionable at the time European dances were performed such as Quadrilles and Waltzes. Contemporaries complained that the Assembly Rooms were too hot and crowded for dancing and described the Ball as being “not in fact a dancing Ball”. The Assembly Rooms had been theatrically transformed by William Henry Murray, and the occasion was hailed as a triumph for him.

Saturday morning was marked by a small ceremony and procession including a Clan MacGregor Regalia Guard, as the Honours of Scotland were returned from Holyroodhouse up the Royal Mile to the Castle. That evening the King attended a tumultuous civic banquet in the great Hall of Parliament House which Murray had splendidly decorated.

The King arrives at Hopetoun House.

Next day the King went in state to the Presbyterian Church of Scotland Sunday service at St. Giles’ Cathedral. On the Monday he made a private visit to the Holyrood Palace apartments of his ancestor Mary, Queen of Scots, then in the evening attended the Caledonian Hunt Ball in a Guards uniform. For the Caledonian Hunt Society Ball, the male members of the Society wore specially prepared uniforms. “The dresses of the ladies were more varied and fanciful than at the Peers’ Ball. Blue was much worn; and, as on the previous occasion, there was a great profusion of feathers.” The King arrived about 9:30 pm, entering the Ballroom with something like a candle-lit procession. The King was excited by the reels and strathspeys. Once more his wish was met, that while he was in Scotland all music would be “purely national and characteristic”. The dancing again commenced with a reel; which took place in the circle that surrounded the space in front of the throne. In this space two reels at a time were danced without any stop, all the while the King stayed, which was two hours Mudie wrote that “the first reel danced was to the air of Brechin Castle. His Majesty was particularly pleased with the second set and clapped his hands in token of his approbation. A number of quadrilles were danced in the second ballroom. About half an hour after his Majesty retired, country dances commenced, which were kept up with great spirit, by the more vigorous of the company, until nearly seven o’clock in the morning.”

On the Tuesday, 27 August, George made his last and least formal public appearance, showing his evident pleasure at a theatre performance of Scott’s Rob Roy adapted and produced by William Henry Murray.

George’s visit closed on Thursday 29 August with a brief visit to Hopetoun House 12 miles (19 km) west of Edinburgh. Elaborate arrangements had been made and crowds waited for him in the rain. On departing Hopetoun House The King conferred the honour of Knighthood on Captain Adam Ferguson Deputy keeper of the Scottish regalia and Henry Raeburn the selected representative of Scotlands fine arts. He then joined his ship at nearby South Queensferry and departed.


While the only kilted appearance the King had made was ruthlessly caricatured, creating a memorable image of “our fat friend” being hoisted onto a horse, the effect of the event wryly described as “one and twenty daft days” was an increase in goodwill and a new-found Scottish national identity uniting Highlander and Lowlander in sharing the iconic symbolism of kilts and tartans. The pride of the clan chieftains in their heritage was reinvigorated, but there was no check in the progress of the Highland Clearances.

Additionally, the next Duke of RothesayPrince Albert Edward, was the first heir apparent to make use of that title since the Union of the Crowns. The use of that title in Scotland has continued ever since.

Following their service providing personal bodyguards during the visit, the King appointed the Royal Company of Archers as the Sovereign’s Bodyguard in Scotland.

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Scottish Towns-Cities. Kirkintilloch.


Kirkintilloch (/ˌkɜːrkɪnˈtɪləx/ScotsKirkintullochScottish GaelicCair Cheann Tulaich) is a town and former barony burgh in East Dunbartonshire, Scotland.It lies on the Forth and Clyde Canal and on the south side of Strathkelvin, about 8 miles (13 km) northeast of central GlasgowHistorically part of Dunbartonshire, the town is the administrative home of East Dunbartonshire council area, its population in 2009 was estimated at 19,700 and its population in 2011 was 19,689.


Aerial view of Kirkintilloch

“Kirkintilloch” comes from the Gaelic Cair Cheann Tulaich or Cathair Cheann Tulaich, meaning “fort at the end of the hill”. This, in turn, may come from a Cumbric name, Caer-pen-taloch, which has the same meaning. A possible reference to the site is made in the 9th century Welsh text Historia Brittonum, in which the Antonine Wall is said to end at ‘Caerpentaloch’. The fort referred to is the former Roman settlement on the wall and the hillock is the volcanic drumlin which would have offered a strategic viewpoint for miles to the West, North and East. The etymology is sometimes taken literally as “Kirk in tilloch” (“church in the field”). Its long name is often shortened by locals to the colloquial Kirkie or Kirky, as reflected in a number of business names in the town.


The first known settlement on the site of what is now Kirkintilloch was a Roman fort established in what is now the Peel Park area of the town. Dating from the mid-2nd century, the Antonine Wall, one of the northernmost frontiers in Roman Britannia was routed through Kirkintilloch; its course continues through the centre of the town to this day, although little trace can now be seen above ground. A digital reconstruction of the fort has been created. There are many archeological artifacts found in Kirkintilloch on display at the Hunterian Museum in Glasgow. There is no strong evidence of habitation on the site for the following thousand years until Clan Cumming established a castle (Motte and Bailey) and church there in the 12th century. A small settlement grew and was granted burgh status in 1211, becoming an important staging post for west–east journeys from Glasgow to eastern and north-eastern Scotland. From this time, a weekly market was held in the town, probably at the foot of Peel Brae (along with High Street and Cowgate, one of the three medieval thoroughfares in the town). The castle was of some importance during the wars of independence when an English garrison was stationed there, commanded by Sir Philip de Moubray, who was later to command Stirling Castle at the time of the Battle of Bannockburn. Soldiers from the castle were dispatched to arrest William Wallace at Robroyston in 1305 and escorted him to Dumbarton Castle. Later the same year, the garrison is recorded as having sent a petition to King Edward of England complaining of non-payment of wages. The castle was attacked by Scottish forces in 1306 under Bishop Wishart of Glasgow (using timber given to Glasgow diocese by the English for cathedral repairs), but the siege was unsuccessful. The castle is thought to have been destroyed on the orders of Robert Bruce later in the conflict, although the traces of a mot surrounded by a ditch can still be seen in the Peel Park.

The original Cumming parish church, St Ninian’s, was constructed around 1140 some distance to the east of the town (where some of the stones remain in the form of an 18th-century watchtower at the entrance to the Auld Aisle Cemetery) as Kirkintilloch was originally in the parish of Lenzie which stretched from Cumbernauld in the East to Kirkintilloch in the West. The establishment was part of the endowment of Cambuskenneth Abbey, and was accompanied by a grant of one oxgang of land (approximately 15 acres), the measurement that lent its name to the area near the church. A chapel to the Virgin Mary was established in the town itself, sometime before 1379, and was endowed with land at Duntiblae by Sir David Fleming. The move of the parish church to the site of the chapel at Kirkintilloch Cross (now the Auld Kirk Museum) in 1644 resulted in a split of the Parish into Easter and Wester Lenzie (later Cumbernauld and Kirkintilloch Parishes) The name Lenzie was later reused for Kirkintilloch’s railway station on the main Glasgow to Edinburgh line, around which the later village of that name developed.

Following the Scottish victory in the wars of independence and the subsequent decline of Clan Cumming, the baronies of Kirkintilloch, Lenzie, and Cumbernauld were granted by Robert Bruce to Sir Malcolm Fleming, Sheriff of Dumbarton and a supporter of the Bruce faction in the war. Hitherto part of Stirlingshire, the area subsequently became a detached part of the county of Dumbarton, in which it remains today.

On 3 January 1746, the retreating Jacobite army of Charles Stuart made its way through Kirkintilloch, on its way back from Derby, and on the march to Falkirk and ultimately Culloden. One of the Highland army’s stragglers was shot dead at the town cross by a man hidden in a barn at the Kiln Close (where the library now stands). On hearing of the murder, Charles halted his army on the Kilsyth road and threatened to turn back and burn the town. The town magistrates persuaded him to continue marching, in return for an unspecified payment, and the town was spared.

The town was one of the hotbeds of the Industrial Revolution in Scotland, beginning with the emergence of a booming textile industry in the area. There were 185 weavers in Kirkintilloch by 1790, and in 1867 James Slimon’s cotton mill at Kelvinside employed 200 women. With the construction of the Forth and Clyde Canal through the town in 1773, and the establishment of the Monkland and Kirkintilloch Railway in 1826, Kirkintilloch developed further as an important transportation hub, inland port and production centre for iron, coal, nickel and even small ships. This industrial heritage lives on in the town’s designation as the “Canal Capital of Scotland”, and in the redevelopment of the canal and surrounding former industrial sites in the early 21st century.

By the 20th century, the principal employers in the town were the shipbuilders J & J Hay and Peter McGregor, and the Lion (1880–1984) and Star foundries, all of which produced goods for the domestic market and for export around the world. Kirkintilloch’s most famous exports were the distinctive red British post boxes and phone boxes K2 to K6, produced in the town until 1984.

In the 1930s Kirkintilloch was a location for Irish seasonal workers; it has been estimated at that time a quarter of the inhabitants were of Irish descent. On 15 September 1937 ten young migrant potato pickers from Achill in Ireland died in a fire at Kirkintilloch.

Kirkintilloch was a “dry town” for much of its recent history, with the sale of alcohol on public premises banned from 1923 until 1967. The prohibition on the sale of alcohol had long been demanded by the Liberal Party and the temperance movement, both of which had a strong influence in the town in the early part of the 20th century, largely due to the perceived negative effects of alcohol on the town’s inhabitants.


The 1960s development plan to redevelop inner city areas of Glasgow saw Kirkintilloch used as an overspill settlement for relocated Glaswegians in combination with the new towns of Livingston and Cumbernauld, offering employment in housebuilding and an increase to the local population to its current levels. Large numbers of new houses for owner occupation have been built since that time.

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Worldwide Murder Mysteries. Girl.

A young Australian girl named Kylie Maybury had been sent out by her mother to buy sugar, but she never returned home. The six-year-old’s body was discovered the next day abandoned in a gutter. She had been raped and murdered.

Thirty-three years passed, and suspects were investigated. But none panned out. Until the police decided to reinterview a man named Gregory Keith Davies. He was a suspect early in the case, but no evidence was found to prove his guilt.

7a Kylie Maybury

During his reinterview, however, he agreed to have a DNA sample taken. His DNA was a match for that found on Kylie’s body. Davies was charged and later pleaded guilty.

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Scottish Architecture. Dun Telve.

Dun Telve (Scottish GaelicDùn Teilbh) is an iron-age broch located about four kilometres (2.5 mi) southeast of the village of Glenelg, Inverness-shire in the Highland Region of Scotland. It is one of the best preserved brochs in Scotland.


Dun Telve (grid reference NG82921726) stands on the north bank of the Abhainn a’ Ghlinne Bhig, in the lower reaches of Gleann Beag. It lies next to the minor road which leads south from Glenelg. The neighbouring broch of Dun Troddan lies 470 metres (1,540 ft) to the east, and the “semi-broch” known as Dun Grugaig is around 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) further east.


It is thought that the broch was robbed for stone in 1722 (probably for the building of Bernera Barracks in Glenelg). Dun Telve was popular with tourists by the late 18th century, and was first sketched in the late 18th century. It was surveyed in detail in 1871–1873 by Henry Dryden. The building was brought into state care between 1882 and 1901 and the boundary markers that define the area of guardianship are still visible. Around 1914 a programme of works was undertaken by the Office of Works which included “clearing out” the interior, inserting concrete into the upper intramural space and pointing the internal wall-face. The broch has never been archaeologically excavated. The broch is now in the care of Historic Environment Scotland.


View from the south, showing the double-walls

View from the west, showing the entrance Access up the tower is by a winding stone stair, and openings at intervals once gave access to the upper floors. The presence of two horizontal stone ledges, or scarcements, up the height of the surviving section suggests that there were two upper floors. The top floor would have been around nine metres (30 ft) above ground level.

Structures appended to the west and northwest sides of Dun Telve include at least one rectangular building.

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Scottish-Antiques-collectables. Pin.

This sword style kilt pin features a traditional Scottish thistle at the top of the blade in a beautiful antique finish.

Designed, and hand-polished in Edinburgh by W.E. Scott and Son.

Il 1588xn.4718645921 75a8

Metal with antique finish.

All our kilt pins are hand made in Scotland the traditional way by W.E. Scott and Son, from quality locally sourced materials.

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Infamous Scots. William Duff.

William John Duff (born January 1962) is a Scottish dentist from Kilbarchan in Renfrewshire who was jailed for three years (reduced on appeal to two years) for fraud and reckless endangerment in 2001.

Duff worked for a number of dental practices in West Central Scotland in the late 1980s and early 1990s. He was the recipient of a number of complaints (initially dismissed by authorities) about unnecessary dental work carried out on patients. It was later revealed in disciplinary and court proceedings that he also exposed his patients to infection from diseases such as HIV and Hepatitis C due to his deliberate failure to follow standard sterilisation and hygiene procedures.

The issues surrounding the case were initially raised in the UK Parliament by Maria Fyfe MP for the Maryhill Constituency in Glasgow in series of debates in the British House of Commons.


Duff was sentenced to three years imprisonment in February 2001 after pleading guilty to one charge of fraud, and one charge of reckless endangerment (15 Months for the first charge and 21 months for the second charge to run consecutively).

In June 2001 Duff appealed his sentence to the High Courts of the Justiciary in Scotland, although rejecting all the arguments put forward by his defense they agreed on a legal technicality that his sentence should be reduced to two years. The appellant judges did not disagree or dispute the findings of the original sentence.

Parliamentary Expenses Ca 003

In 2006 it was revealed that Duff was now working as a senior manager within the IT department of Inverclyde Council responsible for contract negotiation and implementation. He left this position suddenly in August 2007.

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Famous Scots. Peter Denny.

Peter Denny FRSE LLD (25 October 1821 – 22 August 1895) was a shipbuilder and shipowner based in DumbartonScotland.

Peter Denny 1821 1895 By Daniel Macnee
Peter Denny (1821-1895) *oil on canvas *127 x 101.6 cm *signed b.r.: Daniel Macnee, R.S.A. / 1868

Parents and education

Denny was the son of William Denny (1779–1833) and his wife Christeanne Macintyre. He was first apprenticed to a local lawyer and then to the Dumbarton glassworks. Aged 21 he returned to shipbuilding, which was the established family occupation, and worked as a bookkeeper for Robert Napier and Sons.


In 1844 Peter became a junior partner alongside his brothers in Denny Brothers. He was responsible for managing the offices in that business. In 1849 the company was dissolved and reformed as William Denny and Brothers. In partnership with John McAusland and John Tulloch, he formed a marine engineering company in 1850 (Tulloch and Denny). This complimented Denny’s shipbuilding operations. William Denny died in June 1854 leaving Peter as the main partner in Dennys, while his other brother James retired in 1862. Tulloch also retired in 1862 and the engineering company was renamed Denny & Company.

The Peter Denny built 1865 by Duthie of Aberdeen belonged to the Albion company. She operated on the route to New Zealand including carrying emigrants.

Denny appreciated that to succeed as a shipbuilder it was necessary to obtain orders and therefore involved himself in the shipping world. As a member of the Free Church of Scotland he contributed towards the Free Church settlement in New Zealand and came in contact with Paddy Henderson & Co. He became a partner in their shipping interests, resulting in orders for Denny’s for new ships.

In 1859 Denny’s expanded into the North Yard and the engine works was enlarged. In 1864 some ground was obtained on the eastern side of the river opposite the original shipyard which remained the property of William Denny’s estate. The western yard was surrendered and all operations transferred to the new Leven shipyard by 1867. In 1871 Peter served on the parliamentary committee on the design of warships and in 1876 on the Royal Commission into loss of life and property at sea.

Denny’s engaged in a profitable business constructing blockade runner ships during the American civil war and purchased large shareholdings in the Irrawaddy Flotilla Company and Albion shipping company. This led to further orders for ships specially designed to operate in the shallow Irrawady River in Burma.

William Denny (1847–1887) (Norman MacBeth, 1888)

Peter’s eldest son William Denny FRSE (1847–1887) became a partner in the company in 1868 and eventually took over management. He was particularly interested in hull design and was responsible for the construction of the companies testing tanks in 1881 for trialling models of hull designs before construction. Peter now took more interest in diversifying his interests, including becoming a director of Paddy Henderson, British & Burmese Steam Navigation Company, Albion shipping and Rio Tinto Mines. He sought out orders from foreign governments including Spain, Portugal and Belgium and took a financial interest in encouraging local industry. He donated large amounts of money to local hospital charities and to establish educational scholarships. In 1890 he was awarded an honorary doctorate (LLD) by Glasgow university to recognise his charitable works for education.

In 1876 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. His proposers were William Thomson (Lord Kelvin), Anderson Kirkwood, Allan Thomson and David Stevenson.

On 17 March 1887 William Denny committed suicide in Buenos Aires following disastrous investments in La Platense Flotilla company in 1882. Following his son’s death, Peter retired further from his business interests, dying at the family home Helenslee in Dumbarton on 22 August 1895. He left an estate of £200,000 though his lifetime earnings were in the region of £1.5 million (approximately multiply by 100 for 2012 values).


Peter married Helen Leslie on 26 January 1846. They had eight sons including Colonel John McAusland Denny and Sir Archibald Denny.

Helen died on 5 March 1905.

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The Broons. Fitness.

The Broons men want to get fit for 2024. Healthy Year.

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Another adventure from the Scottish lad, in trouble again!

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Scottish Places of Interest. Achiltibuie.

Achiltibuie isn’t somewhere you get to by accident. To get here takes a positive decision and rather more effort than is usual in a world ruled by the motor car. There are two routes in, and each involves around 10-15 miles of fairly hilly and twisting single track road with short sight lines that really keep you on your toes.

One approach branches off the main A835 about five miles north of Ullapool and follows a tortuous route along the north side of Loch Lurgann, and under the foot of Stac Pollaidh (a short climb for the energetic, though achieving the very highest few feet is rather more challenging). Then, having run most of the length of the Coigach Peninsula, it turns back on itself at a junction near Achnahaird. It then heads south-east before meeting the sea at Badentarbat Bay overlooking the Summer Isles and taking you back down the coast to Achiltibuie and beyond.

A Ruin 450

The second route brings you in a generally southerly direction from Lochinver, and treats you to a range of lesser-seen views of Scotland’s best mountain, Suilven. It joins the road from Ullapool at the western end of Loch Bad a’Ghaill and treats you again to the trip to Badentarbat Bay and back down the coast to Achiltibuie.

Achiltibuie itself comprises two miles or more of sparsely strung out habitation on a hillside above the coast, plus a shop, a post office, and a youth hostel. There is also a reasonable selection of other accommodation in the village including the Summer Isles Hotel and various B&B establishments. The Summer Isles Hotel is renowned for its fine dining, and the Summer Isles Bar which forms part of it offers less formal dining and a friendly welcome.

What this straggling community lacks in town planning, it more than makes up in its absolutely stunning views to the south-west across the wonderfully named Summer Isles. When the weather is fine, there can be few finer places to pass your time, and few finer seascapes.

The Summer Isles, comprising Tanera Mor, Tanera Beag and a couple of dozen smaller islands, are no longer permanently inhabited, though 119 people lived on Tanera Mor in 1881. Some of the islands can, however, be accessed, either from the pier at the north-western end of Achiltibuie or from Ullapool.

Achiltibuie used to be home to the Hydroponicum. This soil-free complex of glasshouses was closed when we last visited the village, but to an extent has been replaced by the Achiltibuie Garden. Achiltibuie’s north-west end overlooks Badentarbat Bay, with its broad beach of white shingle. On the shore here, near the Coigach Free Church, is a water powered corn mill dating back to the 1800s.

Achiltibuie is just the best known of a number of small settlements around the coast of western end of the Coigach Peninsula. Following the road north-west past Badentarbat brings you to Polbain and Altandhu, complete with Coigach’s main harbour at Old Dornie, in the sheltered passage between the peninsula and Isle Ristol. Further on, a side road takes you to the scattered settlement of Reiff, while the main road crosses the peninsula to Achnahaird and its beach.

Achiltibuie and the Coigach Peninsula are not for those who like their Scotland neatly packaged in shops selling tartan dolls waving Saltires. This is the north-west of Scotland as it used to be twenty or thirty years ago, before they blasted new roads out of bare rock and painted white lines down the middle of them. Yes, you have to make an effort to get here. But you should try to catch it while you can.

A Badx 450
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